2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development—the transformative action based plan on 17 Sustainable Development Goals—to address urgent global challenges in the upcoming 15 years, was officially implemented in the world and by the world on January 01, 2016. The inaugural report presents an overview of where the world stands at the start. It is basically the first accounting of the 17 goals based on the data currently available to highlight the most significant gaps and challenges.
What is Global Goal 4?
Short answer is – Quality education for all. And the long answer is to make sure that every child receives inclusive and equitable quality education and to also promote lifelong learning opportunities for all.
The main motto of Goal 4 of the inaugural report on the global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all. It also focuses on the acquisition of foundational and higher-order skills; greater and more equitable access to technical and vocational education and training and higher education; training throughout life; and the knowledge, skills, and values needed to function well and contribute to society.
As per the data released in the year 2013, 59 million children of primary school age were out of school. In order to provide basic education to every child, new policies with focus specifically on the most marginalized children as part of larger efforts to improve access to and quality of education must be implemented. For this, the governments need robust information on who these children are, where they live, whether they have ever attended school and if they are likely to do so in the future. Better statistics along with innovative tools can help the governments and stakeholders allocate their education funding more effectively and efficiently.
As per the survey between 2008 and 2012, from 63 low and middle-income countries, it showed that children who belonged to the poorest 20% families are more than 4 times as likely to be out of school as their richest counterpart. It takes us to the main five reasons why education should be at the forefront: Education reduces poverty and promotes economic growth, Maternal education improves children’s nutrition and chances of survival, Education helps fight HIV/AIDS and other diseases, Education promotes gender equality and lastly. Education promotes democracy and participation in society.
The disadvantage of every potential benefit of sending the children to school is that the millions of children who are out of the school will sooner or later go through the devastating effects. Typically speaking, those who are missing out on the education and its benefits are those who need them the most.
Moreover, data from 38 countries in developed regions show that, in the majority of these countries, 75 percent or more of young people had at least minimum proficiency in reading and/or mathematics. On the other hand, in the case of developing countries, the same was true for only 5 of the 22 developing countries. In 2013, there were still 757 million adults (aged 15 and over) unable to read and write, of whom two-thirds were women.
What Tactics Can Be Implemented To Accomplish Global Goal 4
- Compulsory primary and secondary education for all kids across the Globe
- Access to pre-primary education and early childhood development on universal basis
- Technical, vocational and tertiary education should be excellent quality wise and should be affordable too.
- Equal access to education
- More emphasis should be laid on knowledge and training related to sustainable development.