According to a UN Study report, ‘impressive’ progress has been made by India in the field of providing primary education to its children; but the same cannot be said in the case of lower secondary education. As per the study conducted by the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the Education for All Global Monitoring Report (EFR GMR), 124 million children as well as adolescents are yet to attend school and correspondingly international aid to education continues to remain below 2010 levels.
The report also adds that financial resources were provided by India to help children with disabilities attend mainstream schools and adapt school infrastructure. Furthermore, training is imparted to teachers on inclusive education, with resource centers being established in order to support cluster of schools.
Though India has achieved staggering success in its effort to provide primary education to children, but the battle is on in regard to provide lower secondary education. More than 16 million young adolescents of lower secondary school age were not enrolled in school in India as the latest data of 2011 suggests.
India, which has a reported estimate of the largest number of out-of-school adolescents, has been the witness to a reorientation of external support from basic to secondary education between the years 2012-2013. The aid granted to basic education in India fell from US $ 100 million to US $ 27 million; while the aid for secondary education saw a rise from US $ 21 million to US $ 232 million 2012 and 2013.
As per the latest report by UNESCO Institute for Statistics Data goes, there were more than 0.5 million out of school children of primary school age in at least 19 countries. An estimated one million children were denied the right to education in India, Nigeria, Kenya, Indonesia, Tanzania, Sudan Pakistan, Philippines, Niger and South Sudan.
India has successfully been able to decrease the number of out-of-school- children by nearly 16 million during the years 2000-2012, carving the way for further progress in South Asia. But a reported number of 1.4 million children are still yet to attend primary school, as a UN report says.
The initiative to decrease the overall global number of out-of-school children has been undertaken by the small number of countries with India alone contributing to a much higher figures-nearly 16 million between 2000 and 2011.
In order to make its education system more inclusive a tremendous effort has been undertaken by India. Under the Right to Education Act, ‘all children have the right to go to school’ and to realize this further progress is requires.