Do you know what has been common between Adolf Hitler, Rush Limbaugh and co-founder of the Crips gang? The answer is they all were nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize.
The Nobel Peace Prize 2015 has been awarded to National Dialogue Quartet ‘for its decisive contribution to the building of a pluralistic democracy in Tunisia in the wake of Jasmine Revolution of 2011’. The prize has been awarded nearly after five years when an unemployed Tunisian street vendor set himself on fire in the year 2011. This led to protests which ultimately forced the country’s longtime dictator, Zine El-Abidine Ben Ali, into exile.
Four organizations namely the Tunisian General Labour Union (UGTT, Union Générale Tunisienne du Travail), the Tunisian Confederation of Industry, Trade and Handicrafts (UTICA, Union Tunisienne de l’Industrie, du Commerce et de l’Artisanat), the Tunisian Human Rights League (LTDH, La Ligue Tunisienne pour la Défense des Droits de l’Homme), and the Tunisian Order of Lawyers (Ordre National des Avocats de Tunisie) forms the National Dialogue Quartet in Tunisian civil society.
The Top Contenders of Nobel Peace Prize for the year 2015 were: Angela Merkel, Mussie Zerai, Pope Francis, Denis Mukwege, John Kerry/Mohammad Javad Zarif.
The 2014 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded jointly to India’s Kailash Satyarthi and Pakistan’s Malala Yousafzai for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education.
Kaci Kullmann Five, chairwoman of the committee, who announced the prize in Oslo said, “The Arab Spring originated in Tunisia in 2010 and 2011, but it quickly spread to other countries in North African and the Middle East.” Further she added, “In many of these countries, the struggle for democracy and human rights has come to a standstill or suffered setbacks. Tunisia, however, has seen a democratic transition based on vibrant civil society, with demands for respect of basic human rights.”
As per the statement released by the Norwegian Nobel Committee, “The Quartet was formed in the summer of 2013 when the democratisation process was in danger of collapsing as a result of political assassinations and widespread social unrest. It established an alternative, peaceful political process at a time when the country was on the brink of civil war. It was thus instrumental in enabling Tunisia, in the space of a few years, to establish a constitutional system of government guaranteeing fundamental rights for the entire population, irrespective of gender, political conviction or religious belief.”
Nobel Peace Prize is one of the five Nobel Prizes established by the will of Alfred Nobel in the year 1895. The award since 1901 is given to the person who shall have done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses. Nobel Prize for Economics will be declared on Monday October 12, 2015.
Selection: Nobel Peace Prize laureate is selected by the Norwegian Nobel Committee which is duly appointed by the Norwegian Parliament.
Prize Distribution: The Nobel Peace Prize is presented by Chairman of the Norwegian Nobel Committee in the presence of the King of Norway on December 10 every year which is the death anniversary of Alfred Nobel.