One out of three families living in Villages are without land and depends entirely on the manual labour for their livelihood. This was clearly indicated by the Socio-economic and caste census (SECC) 2011 on 3rd July 2015. 23.52% rural families did not have educated adult above 25 years of age, thereby indicating poor state of education that is prevalent among rural people. This was stated by SECC 2011 which is also the first paperless sensus that was conducted on hand-held electronic devices by the government.
The Census was jointly released by the Finance minister Mr. Arun Jaitley and Minister for Rural Development Mr. Chaudhary Birendra Singh. The survey was done in 640 districts totally. There are 24.39 crore households in the entire country, out of which 17.91 crore households live in villages. 10.69 crore households fall in the ‘deprived’ category. This was stated by the census. 5.37 crores (29.97%) households living in the rural places are landless and get major part of their income from manual labour. In villages having houses with just one room made of ”kaccha” walls and roof, as many as 2.37 crore or 13.25% families live.
Scheduled castes and scheduled tribe people form 21.53% or 3.86 crore families living in the villages. Mr. Arun Jaitley, said that after 1932 when caste census was previously taken, it is seven or eight decades till now and for the policy makers belonging to both state and central governments, this latest document would be very important and it would help in targeting groups for support.
According to Birendra Singh, minister for rural development, the data addresses multi-dimensionality of poverty and gives unique opportunity for convergent, evidence based planning with Gram Panchayat as a unit.
Though the name of census suggests caste, it doesn’t include caste, clarified by Mr. Birendra Singh. Poverty estimation by Planning Commission and by the SECC 2011 are different. According to Commission estimate for the year 2011-12, 25.7% of rural population of India were under the poverty line. National Statistical Commission Chairman Mr Pronab Sen stated that poverty estimates of the SECC and planning commission are different and cannot be compared.
The Census had 14 parameters to keep households in the excluded category. Ownership of motorized vehicles, kisan credit card with limit of over Rs 50,000, households with members working for government and any household with a member earning Rs. 10,000 all fall under excluded category.