“If you educate a man you educate an individual, however, if you educate a woman you educate a whole family. Women empowered means mother India empowered”.—Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru
In the words of Hon’ble President Pranab Mukherjee, real empowerment of women would be possible only through education, encouragement of economic self-dependence and provision of opportunities enabling the unfolding of one’s full potential. These encouraging words were said by him on the auspicious occasion of the inauguration of the Bansilal Malani College of Nursing established by the Mahila Dakshata Samiti in Hyderabad. It is unfortunate that today when average overall literacy in India was 74 percent, women’s literacy is less than 65 percent.
He also expressed concern over the deficiencies in the health infrastructure of the country. Prez praised the leading role played by the Mahila Dakshata Samiti in women’s empowerment and recalled the contributions of the Samiti’s founding members such as Suman Krishankant, Professor Pramila Dandavate and Smt. Mridula Sinha, the Governor of Goa.
Women constitute almost half of the population in the world. In the recent times, the rise of feminist ideas has, however, led to the tremendous improvement of women’s condition throughout the world. India is poised to emerge as one of the most developed nations by 2020, more literate, knowledgeable and economically at the forefront. No doubt, women will play a vital role in contributing to the country’s development. Though India could well become one of the largest economies in the world, it is being hindered due to a lack of women’s participation.
The only long lasting solution is to create cooperative structures comprising of the government and private stakeholders as well as civil society. In fact, the developmental goals of health, education, livelihood etc. cannot be achieved by the government alone. Such co-operative structures are relevant for all of them. There is a phenomenal shortage of about 2.4 million nurses in our country and a decrease in the number of nurses from about 1.65 million in 2009 to about 1.56 million in 2015.
This indicated a worry-some trend. At the same time, our infrastructure also comprises of just 1.53 lakh sub-centres, 85000 PHCs and about 5000 Community Health Centres in a nation of 130 crore people living in more than 5000 towns and 6.4 lakh villages. It is essential to look for models wherein all stakeholders participate rather than the government alone.
Also read: India updating its National Policy for Women
Importance of Women Education in India
Women education in India plays a very important role in the overall development of the country. It not only helps in the development of half of the human resources but in improving the quality of life at home and outside. Educated women not only tend to promote the education of their girl children but also can provide better guidance to all their children. Moreover, educated women can also help in the reduction of infant mortality rate and growth of the population.
Women Empowerment through Education
Women Empowerment is a global issue and discussion on women political right are at the forefront of many formal and informal campaigns worldwide. Education of women is the most powerful tool of change of position in society. Education also brings a reduction in inequalities and functions as a means of improving their status within the family.