From the last two years, number of applicants for the JEE (Main) have decreased significantly. In 2015, there was a decrement of nearly 50,000 students compared to 2014. But this year this figure went more down to almost 1 lakh. Only 12.07 lakh applications have been received for JEE Main this year, which was 13.04 last year.
In Maharashtra, which has still large number of applicants, almost one-third student registered for JEE compared to last year. The possible reason behind this would be introduction of MHT-CET. State has decided to conduct its own exam for engineering colleges in state so students who find JEE (Main) difficult or want to study in state college only might have skipped JEE Main’s registration.
JEE Main is an all India engineering entrance examination conducted by Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE). It is a gate way to central universities such as NITs, IITs and to other state institutions. After JEE, usually top 1.5 lakh aspirants are shortlisted for JEE (Advanced) through which students can get to IITs. But this time IIT council has decide to shortlist 2 lakh students for JEE Advanced.
It is supposed that this fall in the number of aspirants is due to insipidity in engineering course. As the ratio of number of jobs to the number of passed out engineer is very low so students as well as their parents are becoming reluctant for engineering course. Other courses like law, design, hotel management are attracting students who does not like engineering.
Vijay Singh, former national coordinator for Science Olympiads, said, “For the last few years, the impression that an engineering does not guarantee you a job has percolated down to students. Engineering seats are going vacant dramatically in private college, many are not keen”. Supporting other interest of students, IIT-Bombay director Devang Khakhar said, “Students who are keen on research in science are completing their undergraduate programme in science and are going abroad for higher studies to reputed foreign universities.” He suggested that there are several options available in humanities too and interested students can make their career in that area.
IIT-Kanpur director said that this drop is not so much concerning. “Many students who are serious about pursuing engineering and are motivated will definitely appear for the entrance test. But a few, who realize that engineering is not their cup of tea, will prefer to stay out,” he said.
Taking consideration of current scenario of engineers and of statements from IITs directors, it seems that this is a good sign and will not affect quality education. Recently, a committee was also formed by HRD Ministry to propose substantial changes in the exam process for reducing exam pressure and increase of quality intake in technical institutions.