Jharkhand State Council of Education Research and Training (SCERT) said that primary schools would be provided book citing on state’s heritage, culture, history and geography. The main motive behind this is to create awareness among children about state’s happenings and history.
Schools of Jharkhand follow NCERT syllabus but as per the recommendation, SCERT will now take over and will distribute free books to students of primary school. “The overall orientation of the course will be as per NCERT guidelines, but the chapters will seek to shed more light on unique aspects of the state, as also Jharkhand’s culture, heritage and the current situation,” said SCERT director Manish Ranjan.
Rajan said that SCERT had been associated with NCERT for the last six months. “The chapters have been prepared by teachers of Jharkhand schools, with all supervision from the NCERT and we held several workshops. The books have gone into printing,” he further informed.
Tribal communities constitutes two-fifth part of the state’s total population. The Santhal, Oraon, Munda, Kharia and Ho are the principal groups which together constitute majority of population. Many villages share common culture and popularly chhau, an elaborate, masked dance of the southeastern region, is a virtual emblem of the region. Also, there are different festivals among tribal people like Sarhul, Karam, Jawa, Hal Punhya etc. All these contribute to the rich culture of state.
Besides culture, it has been recommended that school children should be taught about state historians and dignitaries, as the state has many tales about freedom fighters like Birsa Munda and Sido Kanhu. Also Jharkhand has given many renowned sportsman like Indian cricket team captain, MS Dhoni, archer Deepika Kumari, Captain of Indian’s women Hockey team, Ashunta Lakra, former Olympian and Hockey team captain Jaipal Singh Munda and many more. All these will add more interest to local children, while studying about their state.
The SCERT director said that tribal people can’t easily accommodate with language of books when they join any formal school. So there are cases of frequent drop outs. “This leads to high dropouts. So we plan to begin teaching them in their own language and gradually introduce Hindi and English,” he said. This particular solution has also been taken by Odisha government by introducing books in tribal languages.
To raise thinking process and moral behavior, government schools will now introduce project work and involve students into discussions. By this education system, government wants to grab attention towards social and environmental problems like water shortage, forest conservation as well as traffic jams in cities like Ranchi.