Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has wind up the application process for JEE Main 2018 last week and around 11.5 lakh students have registered for JEE Main examination to be held on April 8 in pen and paper mode. On the other hand, the computer-based examination will be held on April 15 and 16, 2018. Considering the number of registered applicants, the figure is slightly low as against 12 lakh registrations last year, however, the number of students who will appear for online paper has risen.
Interestingly, the number of students opting for a computer-based exam has soared to 2.25 lakh as compared to 1.8 lakh in 2017. In comparison, the number of those opting for the paper-pen format stands at 9.25 lakh as compared to last year’s 10.2 lakh. The statistics mark an overall dip in registrations but rise in test takers for the online exam.
The significant rise in the number of applicants opting for the JEE Main computer-based test can be attributed to JEE Advanced. Why JEE Advanced?? This is because JEE Advanced will be held completely online this year. So it is probable that students who are focusing towards IITs as their ultimate goal, and are confident enough of becoming eligible for it, are opting for the online exam so that they can practice computer-based tests for both. The JEE (Main) is the eligibility test for JEE (Advanced) for admissions to 23 IITs and JEE (Adv) will be held on May 20, 2018.
The fact that total registrations have declined is no surprise. Years 2015, 2016, and 2017 also saw a steady downfall in registrations. For ‘paper one’, there were 11,86,454 applications in 2017, 11,94,938 applications in 2016, 13,04,495 applications in 2015, 13,56,805 applications in 2014, and 12,82,000 applications in 2013. As can be seen, only the year 2014 witnessed an increase compared to its previous year. Post that, each year saw a dip.
Primary reason can be that student’s opting for PCM in Class 11 and 12 have realized that engineering degree does not necessarily guarantee a job. Moreover, they now have a wider variety of choices and are aware of them. Another reason is Indian states dropping out of JEE system; they now conduct state level entrance exams. In these states, students may or may not appear for JEE Main, but they do appear for state exams as they offer better chances of admission to state government colleges.
Many private colleges have been affected dwindling engineering aspirants. There are around 27 lakh engineering seats lying unclaimed in India. All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) has decided to shut down colleges with less than 30% admissions in past five years. These colleges have been either asked to shut down or merge with nearby colleges.
But, this does not mean that in coming year seeking seats and admission in the Top Engineering colleges will become easier. If anything, competition to top colleges only gets tougher each year. Only a few colleges boast of excellent infrastructure, teachers, placements, and rankings. Based on these factors, all students who appear in JEE Main dream of getting admission in these and thus competition for them do not fall, instead it will become more intense and tough.
JEE Main paper 1 is for admission to B.Tech programmes, while Paper 2 is for admission to B.Arch/B.Planning programmes. JEE Main admit card 2018 will be available tentatively from the second week of March, while results will be declared on April 30.