It was very well decided that during the month of September Ministry of Human Resource Development will launch India centric ranking framework for Higher education Institutions in India. The same has been done on Tuesday by the Ministry by launching an indigenous ranking framework for engineering and management institutes. Earlier the private agencies used to rank the educational institutes which will soon become a history in the golden pages of India.
As per the framework, the Institutes will be ranked based on five parameters, namely: teaching, learning and resources (TLR), research, professional practice and collaborative performance (RPC), graduation outcome (GO), outreach and inclusivity (OI), and perception (PR) of end users. The institutes will be ranked by an independent and autonomous body and the exercise will be an annual affair. The exercise will have an Indian context and reflect educational aspiration of Indians but shall be done in a completely “transparent manner”, said Smriti Irani.
Further, the institutions will be ranked vertically by the Ministry i.e., engineering, management, universities, etc. Two categories will also be created. Category A of those focusing on research and teaching and Category B of those focusing primarily on teaching.
The framework released on Tuesday is applicable only to the Engineering and Private Institutions while those for other domains such as Pharmacy, Architecture Institutions are expected to be announced in the next month.
On an initial basis the institutes have to sign up for the ranking and furnish the details online by December 31, 2015. Thereafter, in the month of April next year, the first ranking list which will comprise of the government and private institutions will be launched. The initiative has been taken with a Hope that this will give Indian institutions a competitive platform free of any international bias.
While addressing the gathering at the inaugural ceremony of the framework, Smriti Irani-Union HRD Minister said, “It is a revolutionary step. Before the next academic year, we will manage to give our students a plethora of choices on the basis of the national framework, which is very transparent, which engages not only the institutes regulators but the citizens at large.”
Further she added, “This is the first time that a reliable, transparent and authentic ranking system is being implemented in the country for higher education. The primary purpose of this framework is to galvanize Indian institutions towards a competitive environment that exists in the world today. I sincerely hope that institutions will use this ranking framework to introspect and make sincere efforts to improve their standing.”
The three main reasons quoted by Smriti Irani behind the launch of indigenous ranking framework are: firstly, international ranking agencies always take into consideration the research work done in English thereby neglecting those done in Regional Languages. Secondly, Social inclusion and the reservation quota and lastly, giving new institutions a level playing field with older institutions.
While answering the question whether reservations or social inclusion will take away from the competitiveness of institutions as social inclusion is not always based on merit, VS Oberoi secretary higher education said “this aspect was part of the institutional framework. It is not going to alter the (reservations) policy but reflect it.”
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While giving credits to the Ministry and Hon’ble Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Smriti Irani was of the view that since last two years, HRD ministry has been toiling hard on this subject and it picked up the speed in last one year when Prime Minister asked for the development of an indigenous ranking for Indian institutions.
This has happened for the first time in so many years that two Indian institutes have been placed in the Top 200 of global education rankings. British ranking agency Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) in the QS World University Rankings for 2015-16 ranked the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, and the Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, at 147 and 179, respectively.