Global higher education think tank Quacquarelli Symonds (QS), has compiled a list of the world’s best universities, the QS World University Rankings 2016.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) has been ranked as the world’s best university for the fifth consecutive year, followed by two other American universities, Stanford at second position and Harvard at third position.
Four Indian Institutes of Technology, Mumbai, Delhi, Madras and Kanpur, and Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore (IISC) have made it to the top 50 in the rankings. However, no Indian University managed to come under the top 10 slot.
The IISc, has been placed 33rd this year, thus emerging as the top Indian institute this year as well as last year when it was ranked 34th.
The IIT-Mumbai ranks 35th, closely followed by the IIT-Delhi (36th), IIT-Madras (43rd) and IIT-Kanpur (48th).
The IIT-Kharagpur at 51 ranking and two other IITs, Roorkee at 78 and Guwahati at 94 made it to the top 100.
Delhi University (DU), which was ranked at 91 position last year, has made a significant leap to 66th place. Similarly, the University of Calcutta ranked 108, a big jump from 149 last year. The University of Mumbai holds 145th place while Banaras Hindu University is placed at 155th position. Panjab University is in the 251 to 300 bracket.
Other Indian institutions which figure in the rankings are Amrita University (169), University of Pune (176), Amity University (195), Manipal Academy of Higher Education (200) and Anna University (251-300 band).
The Indian Institute of Information Technology, Allahabad, Pondicherry University and Andhra University are in the 301st to 350th band.
17 countries feature in the ratings out of which India’s performance is ranked the fifth best. Overall, National University of Singapore (NUS) has been ranked the best university in Asia, like last year followed by University of Hong Kong.
920 universities were evaluated from the Asia region. While India has 23 universities in the list of 350, it is outperformed by Taiwan (34), South Korea (54), Japan (72) and China (82), who also dominate the list of top 10 institutions.
The good news from the Indian perspective is that most of its institutions have climbed to higher positions from last year.
The IIT-Mumbai has jumped 11 positions while IIT-Delhi has climbed six places from 42nd rank last year.
The IIT-Madras jumped 13 places, IIT-Kanpur 10, IIT-Kharagpur 16, IIT-Roorkee 14 and IIT-Guwahati four places from the last year’s rankings.
The IISc, Bangalore, which emerged as the top Indian institution in the QS rankings, was also rated as the best Indian university in the HRD Ministry’s first ever National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) released earlier this year.
According to a statement released by QS rankings, “IISc’s success is partly due to its highly impactful research and it achieved the perfect weightage score for papers per faculty.”
This year, the QS rankings also introduced ‘Staff with PhD’ to analyse teaching quality, the statement said.
Nine of the 10 Indian Universities ranked 700th have lost ground compared to last year in terms of both academic reputation and employer reputation. The only exception is IIT Madras which has broken into the global top 250 after a five-place rise.
The Indian Institute of Science (IISc) Bangalore continues to retain top spot among the Indian institutes but has slipped out of the overall top 150 rankings to be ranked 152nd this year, down from 147 last year.
Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi fell from 179th position to 185 in QS World University Rankings 2016.
Seven Indian institutes have been listed in the top 400 educational institutions in the world.
“This year’s rankings imply that levels of investment are determining who progresses and who regresses. Institutions in countries that provide high levels of targeted funding, whether from endowments or from the public purse, are rising,” said Ben Sowter, head of research at QS.
Cambridge University has fallen out of the global top three for the first time. Cambridge, which was ranked a joint third with Harvard last year, slips to fourth. Oxford retains its sixth rank.
The rankings include 916 universities from 81 countries, with 33 countries featured in the Top 200.
The US dominate, with 48 institutions, ahead of the UK (30), Netherlands (12), Germany (11), Canada, Australia (9), Japan (8), China (7), France, Sweden and Hong Kong (5).
The ‘QS World University Rankings’ are based on four categories: research, teaching, employ-ability and internationalization.
The methodology consists of six indicators: academic reputation (40%), employer reputation (10%), faculty student ratio (20%), citations per faculty (20%), international students (5%), and international faculty (5%).