Finland Reforming, Its Education System by Scrapping Subject Based Teaching
Finland is planning to bring lots of changes to its education system. Since 2006 all institutions of higher education have been sharing methods of cooperation. Ministry of Education had given a call for system-wide restructuring because of increasing competition for diminishing younger age groups.
Education means learning different subjects in different stages of their education from primary school to university level. Now it is planning to moderate the education system instead of “teaching by subject” going to “teach by topic”. This will help the pupil to learn more about the subject which they are learning. For example, the teacher is teaching about money as sub subject. If it is subject based study the teacher will explain what money is? Its need for survival of the human. But in topic-based study the teacher let the students know what money is, what is the need of money, the history of money, how money came to the human lives which currency they are using, its international market status, how to earn money, how to spend money by saving for the future needs. This will make a man perfect in planning all aspects.
Finland Education Reform 2018
Finland is a sovereign state in Northern Europe and its population is 5.5 million, and the majority of the population is concentrated in the southern region. It is the eighth-largest country in Europe. Finland has consistently ranked high in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) study, which compares national educational systems internationally, In the recent years Finland has been displaced from the very top. In the 2012 study, Finland ranked sixth in reading, twelfth in mathematics and fifth in science, while back in the 2003 study Finland was first in both science and reading and second in mathematics. Finland’s was ranked first by the World Economic Forum.
The politicians and education experts from around world including UK visits Helsinki the capital city of Finland to understand the secrets of their success and adopt the teaching methods.
At the forefront of the reform programme, Liisa Pohjolainen, the in charge of youth and adult education in Helsinki said “This is going to be a big change in education in Finland that we’re just beginning”
Pupils should not just think about the lesson they are having about memorizing facts and figures or accepting knowledge as it is, should focus deeply into the matter to understand and analyze and interpreting phenomenal.
Why Finland is changing its top-ranking education system
As said by Pasi Silander, who was the city’s development manager, “What we need now is a different kind of education to prepare people for working life. Young people use quite advanced computers.
In the past, the banks had lots of bank clerks totting up figures but now that has totally changed. “Have to make the changes in education that are necessary for industry and modern society.”
Helsinki’s education manager, Marjo Kyllonen also said few things like: “We really need a rethinking of education and a redesigning of our system, so it prepares our children for the future with the skills that are needed for today and tomorrow. There are schools that are teaching in the old fashioned way which was of benefit in the beginnings of the 1900s but the needs are not the same and we need something fit for the 21st century.”
Teaching is a respected profession and entrance to university programs is highly competitive. A prospective teacher must have very good grades and must combat fierce opposition in order to become a teacher. Both primary and secondary teachers must have to qualify a master’s degree.