A survey conducted by DNA has found that the gender ratio of female faculty members make up only 1/4th of the total number of teachers in Central universities. 28 universities were analysed in which at least one prominent university from each state was included. It was found that out of 7,743 teachers, 5,681 are men and only 2,062 are women.Aligarh Muslim University and
Aligarh Muslim University and Central University of Kashmir were the worst in terms of gender ratio. However, the universities located in the national capital including Jawaharlal Nehru University, Delhi University, Jamia Millia Islamia and Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) were found to have a balance in terms of the gender ratio. Out of these, IGNOU presents a much better picture with the best gender ratio. There are 133 female faculty members against 154 male faculty members in the Open University.
Universities in southern India including Kerala University, University of Karnataka and University of Tamil Nadu also had a balanced gender ratio with 68 and 25, 62 and 20 and 49 and 15 being the ratio of men and women in these universities, respectively.
Women faculty was mostly seen in traditional departments like education, sociology, social sciences, psychology, social work and literature. In the science subjects, most women faculty were seen deployed in life science subjects like zoology, botany and biology.
Engineering has also continued to be traditional in terms of participation of women. No women faculty members were seen in the mechanical engineering and civil engineering departments of universities that offer engineering courses.
On the other hand, in Medical science subjects, almost no male faculty in gynaecology department were found. In cardiology and surgery departments a greater number of women faculty was seen.
The government has meanwhile been making efforts to empower women and encourage them to participate more in academia. During a recent interaction with the students of Jamia Millia Islamia University, Union HRD Minister Prakash Javadekar had spoken about encouraging girls and women and empowering them with education.