The UGC (University Grants Commission) has taken out a list wherein 22 universities have been deemed as fake universities. A public notice has been posted as ‘Fake Universities’ on its website that states the names of these universities. The name of the university along with the name of the state to which it belongs can be seen written on the website. The University Grants Commission said that section 23 of the UGC Act has been violated by these universities. The said section prohibits the use of the word ‘University’ by institutions that have not been established by the laid norms. They were functioning in contravention of the UGC Act.
Section 23 of the UGC Act talks about the prohibition on the use of the word ‘University’ in certain cases. “No institution, whether a corporate body or not, other than a University established or incorporated by or under a Central Act, a Provincial Act or a State Act shall be entitled to have the word University associated with its name in any manner whatsoever: Provided that nothing in this section shall, for a period of two years from the commencement of this Act, apply to an institution which, immediately before such commencement, had the word University associated with its name.”
The UGC termed them “self-styled, unrecognized” institutions as they were not operating as per the guidelines of the UGC Act. A State-wise list of universities as released along with the notice that said that “students and public at large are informed that such 22 self-styled and unrecognized institutions, functioning under the contravention of the UGC Act are declared as fake, and are not entitled to confer any degrees.” Many of the states have such universities and Delhi seems to be next to topping in the number of such fake universities having around six of it.
The names of these universities are:
- Varanaseya Sanskrit Vishwavidyalaya. Varanasi UP and Jagatpuri, Delhi.
- Commercial University Ltd, Daryaganj, Delhi
- United Nations University, Delhi
- Vocational University, Delhi
- Indian Institution of Science and Engineering, New Delhi
- ADR-Centric Juridical University, Gopala Tower, Rajendra Place
- Maithili University, Darbhanga, Bihar
- Badaganvi Sarkar World Open University Education Society, Gokak, Belgaum, Karnataka
- St. John’s University, Kishanattam, Kerala
- Raja Arabic University, Nagpur
- D.D.B. Sanskrit University, Putur, Trichi, Tamil Nadu
- Indian Institute of Alternative Medicine, Chowringhee road, Kolkata
- Institute of Alternative Medicine on Research, Thakurpukur, Kolkata
- Mahila Gram Vidyapth/ Viswavidyalaya, (Women’s University) Prayag, Uttar Pradesh
- Gandhi Hindi Vidyapith, Prayag, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh
- National University of Electro Complex Homeopathy, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh
- Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose University (Open University), Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh
- Uttar Pradesh Vishwavidyalaya , Kosikalan, Mathura, Uttar Pradesh
- Maharana Pratap Shiksha Niketan Vishwavidyalaya, Pratapgarh, Uttar Pradesh
- Indraprastha Shiksha Parishad, Institutional Area, Makanpur, Noida, Uttar Pradesh
- Gurukul Vishwavidyalaya Vrindavan, Mathura, Uttar Pradesh
- Nababharat Shiksha Parishad, Pani Tanki Road, Shakti Nagar, Rourkela
Other states like Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and West Bengal have just one university each as of now in the list. It is Uttar Pradesh which has garnered the top position in the list for having nine universities to its credit. The list is also available at UGC’s website.
Section 3 of the UGC Act allows an institution to call itself a ‘university’ if it is deemed under the section or established by a Central or State or Provincial Act.