The most worrying aspect that was highlighted recently by Ministry of Human Resources and Development was the presence of poor sanitation facilities in the Central Board of Secondary Education, CBSE schools in Tamil Nadu. It was important that certain norms regarding sanitation were needed to be maintained by the schools. It was pointed that nearly 50% of CBSE schools in the state of Tamil Nadu had poor sanitation facilities. The study was conducted by MHRD in association with National Sanitation Rating initiative, NSSI.
Around 3200 CBSE schools in India were rated in five colours green, blue, yellow, black and red. Green rating indicated the best rate of (91 to 100% ) corresponding to good sanitation facilities in schools and red colour showed schools that had less than 33% of stipulated norms with respect to sanitation. Out of 3200 schools, 231 were from Tamil Nadu. Three schools were given green rating where as 52 schools were given red rating.
Famous Kendriya Vidyalaya schools also came under red ratings. KV school in IIT Madras campus was given red rating along with those in Trichy, Dindigul and Kalpakkam. But there were some cheers also for Tamil Nadu as two KV schools in Dharmapuri and Sivaganga were given green ratings.
CBSE had previously ordered the schools to mention the rating in all its interaction with the board. It was also said that under the National Sanitation Rating Initiative, it was compulsory for the schools to stress the importance of hygiene, proper sanitation, safe drinking water, clean toilet habits, etc. Other important sanitary based aspects such as proper disposal, recycling of waste water, segregation of waste, food hygiene, preservation of greenery around the surrounding places were to be maintained.
Last year, CBSE had clearly stated that, proper sanitation facilities must be readied by 2017 as part of School Quality Assessment and Accreditation, SQAA scheme. It was found that, many schools had not even applied for the rating. The rating was issued to schools based on the online survey of the facilities followed by inspection by the officials. Factors such as queuing time, peak hours, school strength were taken into account when mandatory one toilet per 80 students was formulated by National School Sanitation Manual, NSSM. This NSSM had proposed one toilet for 40 girls and one urinals for 20 girls in day schools.