Indian government’s efforts to seal its international border to stop cross-border terrorism started gaining momentum with as much as 8 laser walls at the border areas becoming operational. The Border Security Force (BSF), which is the first line of defense along the international borders of India, is monitoring the highly sensitive technology. The laser walls have been made operational at different areas in Punjab.
The BSF was formed in the year 1965 as one of the five Central Armed Police Forces to ensure the security of international borders of India and is now the world’s largest border guarding force. Two years back, the force had taken the decision to install the laser walls at sensitive border areas where barbed wire could not serve the purpose due to treacherous terrain or marshy riverine topography. Following the planned inception of using technology as a solution to secure such terrains, a total of 8 infra-red and laser beam intrusion detection systems started working while another four will be up in next few days. Total 45 such systems will be installed by BSF at different places in Punjab and Jammu.
Recent terrorist attacks at Pathankot airbase pointed out the vulnerability in the security systems of international borders, which forced the Central government and security forces to make significant changes. Central government recently announced that it would employ 5-layer security to seal its border with Pakistan, that includes laser barriers, night vision cameras, thermal sensors, battlefield surveillance and underground monitoring sensors. Working on the proposed plan, BSF has started monitoring the newly installed laser walls. A senior officer of BSF informed that the laser walls have started working and the force is monitoring their functionality.
The laser walls system include sensors with night vision and will also operate in foggy conditions. The sensors are being monitored through a satellite-based signal command system.
Most powerful nations across the world have been using technological solutions for securing their international borders effectively, however, India, which shares its international border with Pakistan and China among others, is largely dependent on the armed forces to guard its borders. The Pathankot terror attacks forced the Indian think-tank to seek help of technical experts for securing the breach-prone terrains along its international border.
BSF will also conduct a pilot project at two sensitive riverine stretches in Jammu with a team of technical experts. The project will be aimed to track the suspected movements along the border with Pakistan. Home Ministry has also approved four similar pilot projects to be taken up in Jammu and Gujarat and one in West Bengal along with India-Bangladesh border, the work on these projects will commence from next month.