Recently, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration in US said that 2016 will be the hottest year, beating 2015 also. On the same lines, Ministry of Earth Sciences said the same thing for India, it said that for India too, 2016 could be the hottest year of the century. The recorded temperature in National Capitalis already soaring above 40 degrees while other parts of he country are under the threat of heat wave, claiming hundred of lives.
Director General of India Meteorological Department (IMD), Laxman Singh Rathore, said, “2015 was the hottest year ever recorded. Our forecast for the summer already talks of above normal temperatures. If you also look at the summer temperature until now, it looks like 2016 summer will be hottest.”
Another reason for the same is the El-Nino phenomena, the strong el-nino conditions over the Pacific Ocean that started in 2015 are still continuing. However, the latest forecasts indicate that el-nino conditions are likely to weaken further and reach weaken el-nino conditions during the 2016 hot weather season.
According to IMD, “It has been observed that during the hot weather seasons followed by El Nino years (for example: 1973, 1995, 1998, 2003, 2010, etc. followed by the El Nino years of 1972, 1994, 1997, 2002 and 2009), above normal temperatures including moderate to severe heat wave conditions were experienced in most parts of India.” IMD had already made a forecast that 2016 will witness hottest summer of the time.
Dr. M Rajeevan, Secretary of Ministry of Earth Sciences, said that this year, January, February and March have also been warm. He further added, “In 2015, the annual mean temperature for the country was 0.67 degree Celsius above the 1961-1990 average, thus making it the third warmest year on record since 1901. However, with the rising mercury levels this year, especially in the month of March, which is yet to be assessed, it could be one of the warmest years of the century.”
He said that, “It may be mentioned that 12 of the 15 warmest years in India were during the past 15 years (2001-2015), while the past decade was the warmest decade on record with decadal mean temperature anomaly of 0.49 degree Celsius.”
This year, IMD again came out with a heat index and for the next 20 days, the forecast will be released every five days.
According to the records, last year, more than 2500 people died because of heat wave across the country. This is a calamity caused by weather and is a cause for drought and flood.